February 27, 2023
EMBL-UNESCO Residency in Infection Biology Research
EMBL and UNESCO have recently announced a visitor programme as part of its infection biology scheme, in which we are participating (along with many other EMBL groups, see the link at the end for a full list). Our group is participating in the scheme, and we’d be love to hear from interested candidates who would like to work with us. We have particular expertise in analysing genomic data from bacterial pathogens, developing and using new bioinformatic tools to do so, as well as developing mathematical models for pathogen transmission and evolution.
December 13, 2022
Mutation Spectra in Streptococcus pneumoniae
An Introduction to Mutation Spectra Mutational Spectra in Pneumococcal Epidemiology Conclusion An Introduction to Mutation Spectra It is intutitive that an organism’s ecological, phenotypic, or epidemiological context exposes it to distinct mutagens, and might thus produce specific signatures and patterns of mutation – that organism’s mutational spectrum. This idea is well-established in oncology. Cancer epidemiolgy studies have shown that a handful of genes, most prominently the human p53 gene, show patterns of mutation specific to the corresponding cancer types.
Peer Review of the pre-print 'Endonuclease fingerprint indicates a synthetic origin of SARS-CoV-2'
Introduction Constructing the null distribution Comparing observations to the null distributions How do new restriction site locations emerge naturally? Mutation analysis Conclusion This is a peer review of the pre-print “Endonuclease fingerprint indicates a synthetic origin of SARS-CoV2”, it is highly recommended that you go and read the pre-print in order to understand this review. Introduction The broad thread of the argument in the pre-print is that a synthetically engineered COVID-19 virus would be created using a process where ‘restriction’ enzymes cut the vaccine genome into roughly equal fragments so that they can be cloned in a bacterial system before being reassembled.
October 7, 2022
Visualising microbial population structure with mandrake
Paper: https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2021.0237 (Joint work with Gerry Tonkin-Hill) Dimensional reduction and embeddings Our work – mandrake Running on genome datasets –- clusters at multiple resolutions Give it a go! Links What’s the bacronym? Dimensional reduction and embeddings Dimension reduction methods are a popular way to understand large amounts of genetic data: PCA, t-SNE and UMAP have all been used to analyse and visualise large numbers of samples in two-dimensions (with the latter being particularly popular with single cell techniques).